Second Grade

As a 2nd Grade Trailblazer at Capital Preparatory Magnet School students will engage in skill, as well as, inquiry based learning centers in order to increase student’s mastery of the Common Core State Standards.

Capital Prep’s Second Grade Humanities class applies the skills taught in first grade to propel students forward, especially in reading comprehension and the writing composition.  By this age, scholars have a strong understanding of print concepts, a large sight word vocabulary and a strong foundation in phonics while using word knowledge to read text more fluently.  Although students continue to learn phonics skills, the focus of foundational skills instruction shifts away from phonics to focus on fluency development.  Independent second grade readers begin to comprehend literature by asking “wh” questions, are able to recount stories from diverse cultures, and describe story structure.  In addition, students understand informational text by identifying the main idea and supporting details, and begin to use text features such as captions, photographs, diagrams, and tables to interpret information in non-fictional text. Students also learn to compare and contrast two articles on a similar topic.  Vocabulary development is addressed through using sentence level context to figure out unknown word meanings and use compound words and known roots to determine meaning. Second grade writers are now able to write multiple sentences to express their thoughts, and begin to write full opinion, informative, and narrative pieces that have a logical organized structure.   Students continue to develop their listening and speaking skills by presenting their learning to peers in clear, audible sentences and are able to give each other meaningful feedback during collaborative discussions.

Math learning will focus on four areas: extension of understanding place value; building operation fluency with addition and subtraction within 100; understanding and using units of measurement; and describing and analyzing shapes.  Continuing their work with place value in our base 10 system, students will add and subtract fluently within 20 and measure, estimate and work with the operations to discuss time, length and money.  They will also draw from 2nd grade geometry lessons involving partitioning shapes into equal parts and lend that knowledge to equally grouping objects to begin building a base for multiplication. They will also draw and examine shapes to begin building a foundation for perimeter, area and symmetry.

Our science units include matter, nutrition, soil, and plants. Through inquiry based learning the students have the opportunity to participate in labs involving matter, nutrition, and experiment with plant life.

As citizens of multiple communities, students begin to participate in the democratic process.  A comparison of democracy, natural resources, and economics is made between the United State and other geographical regions as they explore the concept of globalization.  In addition, students will advance their sequencing skills as they use timelines to comprehend historical time periods.

While exploring science, math, English language arts, and social studies students are also working towards answering their grade level social justice question, “How does the study of other groups help me understand the communities I belong to?” Students will become more knowledgeable as they learn about the community they belong to and what it means to be a Trailblazer!